Targetless Coregistration of Terrestrial Laser Scanning Point Clouds Using a Multi Surrounding Scan Image-Based Technique
The coregistration of terrestrial laser point clouds is widely investigated where different techniques are presented to solve this problem. The techniques are divided either as target-based or targetless approaches for coarse and fine coregistration. The targetless approach is more challenging since no physical reference targets are placed in the field during the scanning. Mainly, targetless methods are image-based and they are applied through projecting the point clouds back to the scanning stations. The projected 360 point cloud images are normally in the form of panoramic images utilizing either intensity or RGB values, and an image matching is followed to align the scan stations together. However, the point cloud coregistration is still a challenge since ICP like methods are applicable for fine registration. Furthermore, image-based approaches are restricted when there is: a limited overlap between point clouds, no RGB data accompanied to intensity values, and unstructured scanned objects in the point clouds. Therefore, we present in this paper the concept of a multi surrounding scan MSS image-based approach to overcome the difficulty to register point clouds in challenging cases. The multi surrounding scan approach means to create multi-perspective images per laser scan point cloud. These multi-perspective images will offer different viewpoints per scan station to overcome the viewpoint distortion that causes the failure of the image matching in challenging situations. Two experimental tests are applied using point clouds collected in Enschede city and the published 3D toolkit data set in Bremen city. The experiments showed a successful coregistration approach even in challenging settings with different constellations.
Terrestrial Laser Scanning, Point Cloud, Coregistration, Equirectangular Image, Perspective Image
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