Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

A Review on Using ANOVA and RSM Modelling in The Glass Powder Replacement of The Concrete Ingredients


The flat glass powder usage instead of sand is convenient in structurally serviceable and environmentally compatible concrete. The deposits of glass powder in fibres cement compounds manufacture may add significant technical, economic and environmental necessities. The cement material and cement replacement by glass powder is chosen as parameters of the concrete. When the waste glass is fined to very fine dust, it demonstrates a cementitious characteristic due to silica content. Statistical methods and techniques are heavily used in glass powder replacement. In this paper, fifteen papers are reviewed and investigated to check the availability of using the statistical and modelling system in discussing the glass powder replacement with some other ingredients results between 2012-2021. We found that most of the papers depended on the ANOVA test to perform their work. Moreover, central composite face-centred (CFC) and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) took a part in the studies. From the numerous replicas, a quadratic prototypical was supplied with waste glass powder in the numbers of the studies that the glass waste powder is the best with its characteristics.


RSM, ANOVA Statistical Analysis, glass powder, concrete



  1. S. Ghannam, H. Najm, and R. Vasconez, “Experimental study of concrete made with granite and iron powders as partial replacement of sand,” Sustainable Materials and Technologies, vol. 9, pp. 1–9, 2016.
  2. S. Neamat, “Models Developed for Creep of High Strength Concrete,” International Journal of Civil,Mechanical and Energy Science, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 174–180, May 2017.
  3. H. Karimi, S. Neamat, and S. Galali, “Application of Mathematical Matrices for Environmental Impact Assessment, A Case Study of Thermal Power Plant,” Journal of Applied Science and Technology Trends, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 13–16, 2020.
  4. T. Awolusi, O. Oke, O. Akinkurolere, and A. Sojobi, “Application of response surface methodology: Predicting and optimizing the properties of concrete containing steel fibre extracted from waste tires with limestone powder as filler,” Case studies in Construction materials, vol. 10, p. e00212, 2019.
  5. K. Sobolev, P. Turker, S. Soboleva, and G. Iscioglu, “Utilization of waste glass in ECO-cement: Strength properties and microstructural observations,” Waste Management, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 971–976, 2007.
  6. Z. Z. Ismail and E. A. Al-Hashmi, “Recycling of waste glass as a partial replacement for fine aggregate in concrete,” Waste management, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 655–659, 2009.
  7. S. Neamat and I. Yitmen, “Factors Affecting the Innovation and Competitiveness in Kurdistan Region of Iraq Construction Industry,” Int. J. Adv. Eng. Res. Sci. IJAERS, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 157–162, 2017.
  8. M. A. Mosaberpanah, O. Eren, and A. R. Tarassoly, “The effect of nano-silica and waste glass powder on mechanical, rheological, and shrinkage properties of UHPC using response surface methodology,” Journal of Materials Research and Technology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 804–811, 2019.
  10. R. Jurczak and F. Szmatula, “Evaluation of the Possibility of Replacing Fly Ash with Glass Powder in Lower-Strength Concrete Mixes,” Applied Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 396, 2021.
  11. R. Sakale, S. Jain, and S. Singh, “Experimental investigation on strength of glass powder replacement by cement in concrete with different dosages,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 386–390, 2015.
  12. S. Neamat, “Investigation of FRP impact on Shear Strengthening of Reinforced and Pre-Stressed Concrete Beams,” research review, vol. 9, p. 11, 2020.
  13. S. Chikhalikar and S. Tande, “An experimental investigation on characteristics properties of fibre reinforced concrete containing waste glass powder as pozzolona,” presented at the 37th Conference on Our World in Concrete and Structures, Singapore, August, 2012.
  14. M. H. Ali, Y. Z. Dinkha, and J. H. Haido, “Mechanical properties and spalling at elevated temperature of high performance concrete made with reactive and waste inert powders,” Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 536–541, 2017.
  15. V. V. Bhat and N. B. Rao, “Influence of glass powder on the properties of concrete,” International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 16, pp. 196–199, 2014.
  16. A. Yerramala and C. Ramachandrudu, “Properties of concrete with coconut shells as aggregate replacement,” International journal of engineering inventions, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 21–31, 2012.
  17. R. Vandhiyan, K. Ramkumar, and R. Ramya, “Experimental study on replacement of cement by glass powder,” Int. J. Eng. Res. Technol, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 234–238, 2013.
  18. D. Shraddha, F. Hitali, D. Pradeep, and S. Varpe, “Sustainable concrete by partially replacing coarse aggregate using coconut shell,” 2014.
  19. L. Rodier, V. da Costa Correia, and H. S. Junior, “Elaboration of eco-efficient vegetable fibers reinforced cement-based composites using glass powder residue,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 110, p. 103599, 2020.
  20. V. Letelier, E. Tarela, R. Osses, J. P. Cárdenas, and G. Moriconi, “Mechanical properties of concrete with recycled aggregates and waste glass,” Structural Concrete, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 40–53, 2017.
  21. V. Letelier, B. I. Henríquez-Jara, M. Manosalva, and G. Moriconi, “Combined use of waste concrete and glass as a replacement for mortar raw materials,” Waste Management, vol. 94, pp. 107–119, 2019.
  22. L. Zhang and Y. Yue, “Influence of waste glass powder usage on the properties of alkali-activated slag mortars based on response surface methodology,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 181, pp. 527–534, 2018.
  23. J. R. Karmoker, I. Hasan, N. Ahmed, M. Saifuddin, and M. S. Reza, “Development and Optimization of Acyclovir Loaded Mucoadhesive Microspheres by Box–Behnken Design,” Dhaka University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2019.
  24. N. Asadi and H. Zilouei, “Optimization of organosolv pretreatment of rice straw for enhanced biohydrogen production using Enterobacter aerogenes,” Bioresource technology, vol. 227, pp. 335–344, 2017.
  25. E. J. P. de Miranda Júnior, H. de J. C. L. Bezerra, F. S. Politi, and A. E. M. Paiva, “Increasing the compressive strength of Portland cement concrete using flat glass powder,” Materials Research, vol. 17, pp. 45–50, 2014.
  26. S. Neamat and M. Shamsborhan, “The Investigation of The Different Types of the Ground Rebar Spacers with Proposing New Design Rebar Space Mixed of Concrete Plastic,” Journal of Civil Engineering Frontiers, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 01–06, 2020.
  27. J. Abellán, J. Fernández, N. Torres, and A. Núñez, “Statistical optimization of ultra-high-performance glass concrete,” ACI Materials Journal, vol. 117, no. 1, pp. 243–254, 2020.
  28. S. Neamat and H. Karimi, “A systematic review of GIS-based landslide Hazard Mapping on Determinant Factors from International Databases,” in 2020 International Conference on Advanced Science and Engineering (ICOASE), Dec. 2020, pp. 180–183. doi: 10.1109/ICOASE51841.2020.9436611.
  29. E. J. P. de Miranda Júnior, H. de J. C. L. Bezerra, F. S. Politi, and A. E. M. Paiva, “Increasing the compressive strength of Portland cement concrete using flat glass powder,” Materials Research, vol. 17, pp. 45–50, 2014.
  30. S. Neamat, “Factors Affecting Project Performance in Kurdistan Region of Iraq,” International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 01–05, 2017.
  31. S. Neamat, “Risk Assessment for Uzun Construction and Real Estate Company in TRNC”.
  32. L. Zhang and J. Zhai, “Application of response surface methodology to optimize alkali-activated slag mortar with limestone powder and glass powder,” Structural Concrete, 2020.
  33. F. Karim, B. Abu Bakar, C. Kok Keong, and O. Aziz, “Influence of cement and glass powder on the compressive strength of ultra-high performance concrete,” International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 35, pp. 243–246, 2016.
  34. S. Neamat, “Human Resource Management with Strategic Development,” Journal of Civil Engineering Frontiers, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 16–19, 2020.


Metrics Loading ...